Geopolitics -Prague Process
PLANETARY GEOPOLITICS AND ECONOMICS TODAY
VIII-THE REASONS WHY THE EUROPEAN UNION IS NOT A GREAT POWER
12-A PARTICULAR EXAMPLE THE RIGHTIST ROOTING OF THE EUROPEAN
Society for the Promotion of a European Human Rights Model
Association pour la Promotion d'un Modèle Européen des Droits de l'Homme
By Didier BERTIN
July 20, 2012
Table of Contents
II - GDP - page 11
1-THE TWO WORLD LEADERS: UNITED STATES AND CHINA AND THE OTHER THIRTEEN COUNTRIES HAVING A GDP HIGHER THAN ONE TRILLION USD -page 11
2-THE FIRST FOURTEEN COUNTRIES - INDIA EXCLUDED page 13
3-COUNTRIES HAVING A GDP INCLUDED BETWEEN ONE HUNDRED BILLION USD AND ONE TRILLION USD - page 13
4-THE OTHER HUNDRED THIRTY FOUR COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD INCLUDING INDIA-page 14
5-CASE OF THE FIRST THREE ECONOMIC LEADERS COMPARED TO THE FOURTH ONE- page 14
6-REAL WORLD AND MEDIA WORLD - PAGE 16
7-EXAMPLES OF DIFFERENCES BETWEEN REAL WORLD AND MEDIA WORLD-Page 18
8-THE LIMITS OF GDP AND THE DANGERS OF ITS GROWTH - Page 44
III-MILITARY DETERRENCE - page 49
1-THE TWO REAL GREAT POWERS-Page 49
2-THE THREE SECONDARY POWERS page 51
3-OTHER COUNTRIES WITH ANNUAL DEFENCE BUDGET IN EXCESS OF FORTY BILLION - page 52
4 - ISRAEL -page 55
IV-OIL: RISK FOR THE DEMOCRACIES - page 57
1 - MAIN NET-OIL IMPORTERS -page 57
2-ORGANIZATION OF OIL PRODUCERS AND EXPORTERS - page 58
3-ECONOMIC SITUATION OF OIL PRODUCERS AND EXPORTERS - page 59
4-POLITY OF OIL PRODUCERS AND EXPORTERS - page 62
5- THE CHOICES IN THE FIELD OF ENERGY - page 65
V-PUBLIC DEBT-page 66
1 - KEY DATA ON PUBLIC DEBT-page 66
2- THE RISK OF OVER-INDEBTEDNESS CONCERNS ESSENTIALLY THE RICHEST COUNTRIES -page 67
3-THE PUBLIC "OVER-INDEBTED" COUNTRIES ARE MAINLY IN THE RICHEST ONES, ACCOUNTING FOR ONLY 13.9% OF WORLD POPULATION - page 68
4- EUROPEAN UNION, EURO AREA AND PUBLIC DEBT - page 71
5- JAPAN -page 73
6 - POLICY REGARDING PUBLIC INDEBTEDNESS-page 74
VI -OTHER ECONOMIC OPTIONS - page 75
1 - THE RISK OF PROTECTIONISM - page 75
2 - ECONOMIC CHALLENGES- page 76
VII - PLANETARY SOCIAL DISPARTIES - page 80
3-GINI INDEX APPLIED TO THE PLANET-page 81
VIII-THE REASONS WHY THE EUROPEAN UNION IS NOT A GREAT POWER - Page 93
1-EU AND NATO-page 93
2-CREATION AND TREATIES - EXPANSION AND INTEGRATION, Page 96
3-THE PROBLEM OF THE APPLICATION OF THE CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS-page 98
4-THE CONSTRAINTS OF DECISION MAKING-page 100
5 - INSTITUTIONS page 101
6-THE POLITICAL ORIENTATION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION-page 108
7-INTERNATIONAL POLITICS - page 112
8-THE CASE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT ELECTIONS - page 113
9- THE DISPARITIES OF THE MEDIAN INCOME OF HOUSEHOLDS IN THE COUNTRIES OF THE EUROPEAN UNION - page 114
10-THE NEW MEMBERS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION -page 115
11-THE LIMITS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION page 116
12-A PARTICULAR EXAMPLE OF THE RIGHTIST ROOTING OF THE EUROPEAN UNION-page 119
A-The Prague Declaration of June 3, 2008 - page 120
B-The dangerous consequences of the Declaration of Prague and of the related Declaration of the European Parliament-page 121
k-DECLARATION - page 135
IX - GENERAL CONCLUSION -page 138
1-DATA OF THE FIRST 60 COUNTRIES WITH GDP HIGHER THAN 100 BILLIONS USD AND THE REST OF THE WORLD - Pages 145 and 146
2-DATA ON THE INDEBTED COUNTRIES OF THE EUROPEAN UNION page 147
3-DATA OF THE EURO AREA COUNTRIES -page 148
4-GENERAL DATA OF THE EUROPEAN UNION -page 149
12-A PARTICULAR EXAMPLE THE RIGHTIST ROOTING OF THE EUROPEAN
The Declarations of Prague of 3 June 2008 and of the European Parliament of 23
September 2008 and their consequences:
The contents of the Declarations of Prague of 3 June 2008 and the European Parliament of 23 September 2008, whose target was to take stock of the suffering experienced by the peoples under communist regimes, finally took an ideological and partisan rightist turn.
The progressive parties could have done about it their own statement rejecting the ideological and revisionist considerations, which focus both an anti-communist hatred and contempt for Nazi victims and their liberators. We had proposed such a declaration to the French Socialist MPs in July 2011 which did not receive the expected support (see the proposal in paragraph k).
A-The Prague Declaration of June 3, 2008
The Declaration of Prague dated of 3d June 2008, should have been devoted to the errors and crimes of communist regimes of Eastern European countries, but went unfortunately well beyond this mission by engaging in an unfortunate reconsideration of the History motivated by ideological convictions, whose consequences are ethically damaging.
The letters of support issued in 2008 by Margaret Thatcher, Nicolas Sarkozy, and Zbigniew Brzezinski supporter of American hegemony by meddling in European affairs, foreshadowed the direction of the Prague Declaration and the process that has resulted.
The historical considerations of this declaration that were neither necessary nor justified but have shook the European ethics when the European Parliament also made a declaration in the spirit of that of Prague.
The content of the Prague Declaration has lost track of critical assessment of the serious errors and crimes of communist regimes in order to become a political rightist statement aiming to bring the Communist regimes at the highest level of horror in making them crudely equivalent to the Nazism.
Consequently the Prague Declaration has indirectly reassessed of the reality of the crimes of the Nazis.
The Nuremberg trials and the numerous procedures and investigations that followed, have determined that Nazi crimes were the culmination of horror.
Their improper and shocking indirect reassessment was probably made to create an "effect" symbolizing the strong disapproval of the Communism by the signatories of the declaration of Prague and of the European Parliament.
Unfortunately it has become commonplace to call what one hates, Nazism to mark the horror that is felt, but this trivial ease of language becomes insulting for the victims of Nazism when it is used by institutions in official statements.
This form of expression used by institutions are on the border of revisionism or denial and are counterproductive for the critics of the communist regimes. It is as if the signatories of the declarations were lacking of arguments to criticize the communist regimes for themselves and felt obliged to refer to the crimes of other regimes.
This unfortunate reference gives a propagandist appearance to the critics of the communist regimes and is damaging for the memory of the victims of Nazism.
The triviality of the Prague Declaration is betrayed by the will to make a mathematical equation between the crimes of communist regimes and those of the Nazis despite they have no link regarding their causes, their goals, their ideology, their politics, their nature and the motivations of their founders.
B-The dangerous consequences of the Prague Declaration and of the related declaration of
the European Parliament
a- The European Commission
The Declarations of Prague and of the European Parliament have apparently already affected the European institutions, as we have seen in our exchange of correspondence with the Cabinet of Viviane Reding. Nazism is seen now as a totalitarian regime among others and is thus trivialized, by losing sight that it was consecrated as the climax of horror by investigations and procedures over more than half a century.
It seems that the European Commission has in this regard a limited power or that it limits itself in order not to interfere in ethical domains that are voluntarily abandoned to Member States.
It is all the more regrettable that there exists a very meaningful Charter of Fundamental Rights whose application remains de facto at the free initiative of the Member States despite the fact that the Lisbon Treaty of 2009 has made compulsory its application.
b-The European Parliament
Similarly the European Parliament in its Declaration of 23 September 2008 has repeated the same mistakes and shortcuts than those contained in the Prague Declaration.
This declaration is not legally binding but remains regrettable for the victims of Nazism and for those who might misunderstand the legal value of such a declaration.
c-Nazism and Communism in brief
The Prague Declaration mixes communism and his perverted version of "Stalinism" and omits to mention the responsibility of Europe due to the offensive and ostracism imposed to the revolutionary countries by the highly conservative states. This aggressiveness has led to the winning spirit of the First Empire in France and to that of the USSR. It is significant that France and United Kingdom had preferred to abandon the Sudetenland in 1938 to the Nazis rather than forcing Poland to permit USSR to move troop to defend the Sudetenland as USSR had proposed to do.
Moreover in this declaration the concept, which could be criticized, of dictatorship of the proletariat representing the power given to impoverished people is insidiously confused with a dictatorship of one single man like in fascist regimes.
After a long period of silence of the survivors of the holocaust due to surrounding incomprehension, many procedures and investigations have permitted to be inform everyone of the reality of Nazism and should have led anyone not to use the suffering of victims of Nazism to assert those of the people of Eastern countries.
- Nazism was the product of the general European racism at the time of its creation notably on the basis of the works of French and English racist ideologues. Nazism developed the concepts of sub-men, supermen and living space and aimed to be the consecration at the highest level of the Germanic identity.
- We are far from Communism and its commitment to empower the workers of all nationalities to improve their lot.
- The founder of Nazi has developed a fanaticism in the field of anti-Semitism, which was already part of European traditions particularly violent in the East (Pogroms in Tsarist Russia and Poland) and of the strong anti-Semitic atmosphere in many Western European countries.
- Instead Communism has reduced the violent mass anti-Semitism in the Eastern countries as compared to what it was before. Anti-Semitic steps taken by the communist countries after 1948 did not reach the violence of those of the Tsarist era, or of Nazism.
- The cult of death and of extermination were clearly mentioned in "Mein Kampf" regarding the Jews and before the Wannsee Conference; the author of this book was convinced that his targets were in agreement with: "the plans of the Lord and Nature. "
- Communism has no such conceptual values.
- Stalinism was a perverted version of Communism, resulted in the death, exile and incarceration of large numbers of people for political reasons,
- while Nazism developed industrialization and commercialization of death by providing the major German companies with enslaved people to be ultimately murdered and by implementing industrial process and equipment dedicated to racist mass extermination with high productivity,
- Communism has not pursued a policy of industrial death.
- The Nazis and their allies have triggered a world war in which 65 million people were killed in five years of which 21 million Soviet citizens and 63% of the European Jewish population
- Communism did not cause such carnage in 5 years but the USSR gave back its freedom to all Europe, as being in fact the essential opponent of Germany.
Nazism is the ultimate horror and should remain as such for ethical purpose and it is not one totalitarian regime as any others as some would like to impose the idea of it, within the European Union.
d-The Holocaust and the de facto denial of the Holocaust
Equating Communism and Nazism as this is done in the Declarations of Prague and of the European parliament has probably encouraged on the basis of the same principle, the eastern European countries to pretend they had been also victims of a genocide similar to the Holocaust.
In some cases this self-persuasion goes to the point of ranking the Holocaust second after the alleged genocide by Communists and sometimes to the point of excluding it from History. Yet The Holocaust had been made to 91% in the Eastern European countries whose peoples had been the first witnesses and in some case some of them had also been its perpetrators.
- With the extermination of six million Jews, the Holocaust destroyed 63% of European Jewry and any no other genocide is comparable in term of magnitude over a so short period.
- No East European countries has seen its population destroyed in a so big proportion and the Eastern European country that lost the largest number of people during the World War II, was the USSR with 21 million people killed by the Nazis out of a population of 170 million i.e. 12.4% of its whole population.
The alleged existence of a genocide in any Eastern country equivalent to the Holocaust could have among other anti-Semitic motives deeply rooted in these countries despite the almost disappearance of local Jewish populations.
In certain Baltic countries the anti-Semitism may be also combined with a glorification of the Nazis considered as liberators.
It must be also noted that the Holocaust has been the paroxysmal phase of a two thousand years of European anti-Semitism. This paroxysmal phase of a European continuum, has resulted in the necessary creation of a refuge for Jews in the Middle East and consequently Europe has a direct responsibility in the conflict in the Middle East today.
The questioning of the magnitude of the Holocaust compared to an alleged other genocide in Eastern countries reveals the deeply rooted European anti-Semitism and reinforces Israel's role as the last refuge for world Jewry and undermines the possible involvement of Europe in a peace process in the Middle-East.
Some Eastern countries such as Lithuania and Hungary may find in the Declarations of Prague and of the European Parliament a support to their regrettable claim to be seen as victims of a genocide similar to the Holocaust as well to their newly created concept of double-Genocide.
The uniqueness of the Holocaust is very clear as a result of the proportion of the Jewish population of Europe exterminated.
The sole concept of double genocide that we may note is (i) the destruction of the memory of the individuals after they were (ii) physically murdered. This can be felt strongly in Lithuania
In order to clarify this point we will quote the words of the BUND (1) leader Leon Feiner (2) said to Jan Karski (3), during their meeting in Warsaw in August 1942 (reference: My testimony before the World -Jan Karski published in 1944):
"You Poles, you are lucky. Many of you are suffering and dying but despite that your nation will live on. After the war there will be a new to Poland, and your wounds will heal. In this sea of tears , of suffering and of humiliation, this country, which was also our homeland, will rise again, but we, Jews will be no longer here, our people will have disappeared. "
(1) Bund: Algemeyner Yidisher Arbeter Bund in Lite, Poyln un Rusland - Labor union and Movement of Socialist secular Jewish Workers of Lithuania, Poland and Russia.
(2) Leon Feiner: Executive member of the Bund in Warsaw. He sent to London a first report on the massacres of Jews in Poland in May 1942 and a second report in August 1942 on the final solution (Endlösung der Judenfrage).
(3) Jan Karski: was a Polish resistance leader and emissary in London in November 1942 with the support of the Polish Government in exile. He reported the situation of Poland and the extermination of Jews in Poland to Anthony Eden, to other British ministers and members of the British Parliament and in 1943 at its creation, to the commission of crimes to United Nations. He also reported this situation to President Franklin D. Roosevelt at the White House on July 28, 1943 during one hour and fifteen minutes. Jan Karski had penetrated twice in the Warsaw Ghetto and once in the extermination camp of Ibizica Lubeska near that of Belzec.
The alleged existence of another genocide equivalent to the Holocaust is a denial of the Holocaust "as such."
e) The declarations of Prague and the European Parliament could lead some Member States from Eastern EU to propagate a distorted version of History:
- The Holocaust was excluded from the National Museum of the genocide of Lithuania and by the Centre for Research of Genocide associated with it.
- The Public Relations Director of the Genocide Research Center funded by the Lithuanian State is a leader of a neo-Nazi Party, and the organizer of the neo-Nazi marches in the city of Vilnius on the independence day of Lithuania. His statements on Diena.lt are particularly shocking: "The Jews play with matches on a powder keg ... if the Government does nothing the people will do it ...".
- The neo-Nazis parades and marches are allowed in Lithuania.
- Lithuania has legalized the swastika in 2010 as a national symbol (Judgment of Klaipeda) and without any European protest.
- Several events are organized to rehabilitate the memory of Nazi collaborators during the war and participants to the perpetration of the Holocaust : The last one is the reburial from 17 to 20 May 2012 of the former President of Lithuania and Nazi collaborator who created the first concentration camp in Lithuania in 1941: "Juozas Ambrazevicius." The Lithuanian government has allowed this shameful event. A celebration was held in the Church of the Resurrection of Christ in Kaunas and a lecture was given to his glory at the University of Vytautas Magnus. Terese Burauskaite, President of the research center of the genocide has naturally attended these events.
- Audronius Azubalis, foreign secretary, said he intend to take the opportunity of Lithuania's presidency of the Council of the European Union in 2013, to emphasize the new version of history built by his country.
- While the former left wing government, had established in 2010 a law condemning the denial of the Holocaust, the following far rightist totalitarian government has during the same year, deleted the word Holocaust of the law and replaced it by the word Genocide, which is related, on the same footing, to the one that was allegedly perpetrated by the communist regime.
- This new far rightist government took totalitarian steps restricting the freedom of expression and particularly that of press and has increased its control over the main entities of the country.
- The European Commission did not take any disciplinary steps and has in addition imposed to the European Union, this quasi-dictatorship as President of its Council from January to June 2011.
- The Hungarian President Viktor Orban is apparently still Vice President of the EPP, as are MM Barroso and Van Rompuy.
LITHUANIA, HUNGARY AND OTHER SIMILAR COUNTRIES
Since the fall of Communism, many pro-Nazi war criminals from Eastern European countries and especially from Hungary and Lithuania, were able to return quietly live out their retirement in their home country either voluntarily or expelled from the United States when they are unmasked.
The Declarations of Prague and European Parliament do not ease healing of the resurgent or traditional Anti-Semitism in the Eastern European countries, which is very particularly rooted in the minds "as a real mental sickness of many people" notably because the Jewish populations of these countries have virtually disappeared.
Moreover the trivialization of Nazi totalitarianism may only facilitate the disinhibition of far right on the whole territory of the European Union.
f-Neo-McCarthyism in the eastern countries of the European Union
The Prague Declaration accusing the communist parties of not being able to evolve, has promoted a policy similar of that of McCarthy i.e. the banning the communist parties, their symbols and their supporters.
Such laws are in force in most countries of the Eastern members of the European Union and are in conflict with the provisions of the Charter of Fundamental Rights regarding freedom of expression and association.
g-THE FREEDOM OF EUROPE REGAINED BY THE USSR
The Prague Declaration and that of the European Parliament leave no room for the fact that Europe owes its freedom to the USSR.
Without the death of 21 million soviet citizens out of which 13,6 million soldiers of the Red Army during the World War II, Europe would have been difficultly freed from Nazism. The Red Army lost 9.4 times more soldiers than that of all the other allied armies of about 1.44 million soldiers.
The USSR has been able to defeat Germany with the material support from the United States by destroying or neutralizing nearly 80% of the Wehrmacht.
To achieve this victory the USSR has suffered 85% of all losses of the allied army.
h-VERSAILLES - RIGA -MUNICH-Ribbentrop-Molotov- YALTA
The division of some European territories and in particular of Polish territories were not definitely decided by the USSR and Germany as we could think in reading the Prague Declaration and that of the European Parliament , but ultimately by the leaders of the United States, the United Kingdom and the USSR who met in Yalta in February 1945: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin. Yet the Declarations of Prague and the European Parliament made a relation between the division of Europe or with an assumed common view between Germans and Soviets, and the temporary and strategic agreement between Ribbentrop and Molotov dated of August 23, 1939 and broken on June 22, 1941.
Given the failed attempts of the Soviet Union to find an agreement with France and the United Kingdom, Molotov (see Nikonov -2009) concluded an agreement with Ribbentrop to save time on the inevitable war with Germany, in order to make up the technology gap of the USSR and move strategic assets to the East.
By the additional agreement dated of 28 September 1939, Germany invaded a part of Poland including 22 million of Polish and USSR occupied another part of Poland including 14 million inhabitants of which 60% were not Polish but mainly Belarusians and Ukrainians, since part of these territories, initially Russian, had became Polish in 1918 following the Treaty of Versailles or in 1921 following the Treaty of Riga (Russo-Polish war).
At the Yalta conference the territories taken to Russia and given to Poland were returned to the USSR, while Poland was receiving territories in the West.
Germany and USSR had signed in 1939 a strategic agreement in order to prepare the war, meanwhile France, UK and Germany had signed in 1938 a shameful agreement in order to preserve the peace at least in the mind of France and UK. France and UK had signed September 30, 1938 the shameful Munich Agreement by which Czechoslovakia had to cede the Sudetenland to Nazi Germany and by which France was in breach of its agreement with Czechoslovakia.
Before the Munich Agreement, the USSR, which was rejected from any negotiations, was the only country to have proposed to oppose militarily the annexation of the Sudetenland by Nazi Germany.
Colonel Jozef Beck Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland and former collaborator of the General-dictator Pilsudski had prevented the USSR to go to the Sudetenland and had objectively favored the projects of Nazis.
In 1939 the power in Poland was still in the hands of the military: "Regime of the Colonels" and this since his coup in 1926 by General Pilsudski. After Pilsudski's death in 1935, the former colonels of his Legion had continued to rule the country until the German invasion with Edward Rydz-Simigly as president.
It should be noted that the authoritarian Polish regime had applied in Poland an antisemitic policy quite similar to that of Nazi Germany before the war and had planned a mass deportation of Jews from Poland (see Daniel Tollet -2010).
i-The declaration of the European Parliament
Following the recommendation of the Prague Declaration, 409 members out of 732 of the sixth parliamentary term of the European Parliament, have signed a declaration inspired by that of Prague, a few months of before the end of their legislative mandate.
In this declaration, the word Stalinism often preferred to the word communism refers ultimately to the communism according to the words of the third paragraph of that declaration.
The declaration makes a tragic mix of Communism and Nazism in the same manner of that of the Prague Declaration, and again the Ribbentrop-Molotov agreement is mentioned as a reference probably to underline absurdly the alleged common vision of Germans and Soviets.
The Declaration of the European Parliament and its correalted resolutions has even proposed a unique mixed day of commemoration for victims of communism and of Nazism that would be the day of the anniversary of the signing of the Ribbentrop-Molotov agreement i.e. 23 August.
The victims of Nazism are used against their will in order to give weight to anti-communism despite the fact that as above mentioned the Nazism was essentially defeated by the Red Army.
The choice of the date of commemoration may be seen as a provocative act, consciously or unconsciously towards those who want to protect the memory of the victims of Nazism, which is relegated to the same level as those of Communism.
A day of commemoration that serves the interests of some and rejects that of all others may only be perceived as an injustice.
Among the main victims of Nazism we may note without being exhaustive the Jews whose nearly two thirds were exterminated in Europe, Gypsies, the people with physical or mental defects, the Freemasons, the Communists, the civilian and military Soviets , the resistance fighters and allied soldiers.
A day of commemoration cannot exclude anyone by its definition of victims or by the choice of a memorial day and its reference and cannot be determined without the agreement of all or it would have the color of the totalitarianism.
We understand the suffering of the peoples of Eastern European countries under Communist regimes, captives in their own countries where many of them were imprisoned, deported or executed for their political disagreements and where they were in any case deprived of freedom.
However the Declaration of Prague and of the European Parliament do not denounce only the suffering of the peoples, who lived under communism but also use them for the glory of another ideology. Indeed, the ideological nature of these declarations appears in the light of its historical distortions used in an offensive spirit.
These statements re-assess indirectly the horror of the Nazism by a trivial equation with Communism, which is outrageous to the victims of Nazism.
The defeat of Nazism was possible through the sacrifice of 13.6 million Red Army soldiers, i.e. 9.4 times the total losses of all the other allied armies.
The Declarations of Prague and of the European Parliament may also encourage deleterious excesses as the disinhibition of the far right organizations and Parties in Europe, the resurgence of Nazism in the Baltic countries and the birth of a neo-McCarthyism enshrined in the laws of Many Eastern countries of the European Union in opposition with the ethics of the European Union.
We wish to acknowledge the fact that most of German and Austrian MEPs, which have knowledge of Nazism and Communism abstained from signing the Declaration of the European Parliament.
k-Proposal of declaration written in cooperation with Profesor Dovid Katz, submitted in July 2011 to French socialist MPs without much success and resubmitted in July 2012 as part of this essay.
The content of the “Prague Declaration on European Conscience and Communism” dated 3 June 2008, and the related declaration by the European Parliament of 23 September 2008, having introduced the concept of equivalence of Communism and Nazism, has impaired the specific abomination of Nazism accepted as a universal value in pan-human resistance to the evils of genocide, racism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism, which generated the unique phenomenon of the Holocaust, and in terms of magnitude of destruction over a few years, on a unique scale in European history.
As a result they have introduced a significant danger of obfuscation and trivialization of the crimes of Nazism whose effect among others might be the granting of de-facto contemporary encouragement to the current rise of racism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism and of the resurgence of Nazism in Europe, in total opposition to the ethos upon which the European Union is founded.
Additional pressures are currently being applied by some Eastern members of the European Union to impose upon Europe this distorted combination of a legitimate wish for an improved knowledge of the history under Communist regimes with an irrational supposed equivalence with the Nazi regime. This trivial equation is detrimental for history and ethics and must be rejected.
We declare that:
1 - Suffering of Peoples under Communist Regimes:
We understand the suffering of the peoples of Eastern Europe under Communist regimes, each of who may legitimately celebrate its recovered freedom from communism.
However, the notion of an imposed pan-European remembrance of the victims of Nazism and Communism together, as this is suggested by the above mentioned declarations, is an attempt to build an artificial equivalence between two different phenomena so that the one serves the other one and is not acceptable.
2 -Crimes of Nazis and the uniqueness of the Holocaust:
As a result of World War II which was unleashed on Europe and the world by the Nazis and their allies, more than 60 million people lost their lives in the world in only 6 years, and the very large majority of the Jewish European population in Nazi-occupied Europe was murdered by the Nazis and their collaborators, in the frame of a campaign of total eradication of the world’s Jewish population.
Taking into account the unparalleled destruction perpetrated by the Nazis, the monstrousness of the Holocaust and of its racist, anti-Semitic and xenophobic principles, Nazism must keep its specific place in the field of horror which cannot be shared with Communism, without a high risk of obfuscation impairing ethical references hardly acquired and still very fragile. The specificity of the crimes of the Nazis must always be taken into account and taught by all the institutions.
We draw the attention that the word ‘genocide’ should not be utilized without due care, as we currently notice it in a certain number of Eastern countries, or with a purpose of only challenging the empirical uniqueness of the Holocaust.
The simplistic proposed equivalence between Communism and Nazism obfuscates the Nazism as paroxysmal phase of racism, anti-Semitism and xenophobia, impairs the memory of the Holocaust and offers encouragement to dangerous new strains of resurgent racism, xenophobia and anti-Semitism.
3 -The duty of the European Union to prevent any form of resurgence of Nazism on its
Taking into account the huge sacrifices of the Allies to free Europe from Nazism, the European Union should feel responsible for preventing any resurgence of Nazism or similar movements on any part of its territory and to take sanction against any person who might try to reintroduce it , or its glorification in any form or circumstance.
l-PROPOSAL 2 - SHORT FORM ? also written in cooperation with Professor Dovid Katz
We, elected officials , are united in our rejection of the 2008 “Prague Declaration” and the ensuing European Parliament declaration and resolutions that would try to force on all of European Union, a revised bogus history that makes Nazism and communism “equal” and requests the observance of a mixed single day of remembrance for the victims of Nazism and Communism, which is the anniversary day of the Molotov- Ribbentrop Pact i.e. 23 August.
In fact, acceptance of the unprecedented character, uniqueness of the barbarity of Nazism and of the uniqueness of the Holocaust in European history is a prerequisite to protect the European Union against the growing of far-right tendencies, ultranationalism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism, and neo-Nazism.
In certain Member-States of eastern European Union, the memory of Nazi collaborators and local Holocaust perpetrators is glorified with a total contempt for the ethics of the European Union.
Further attempts to abuse European institutions for such far rightist efforts distorting History, will be met with the strongest opposition.